Phriends of Phragmites

Today I befriended my inner phragmite.

tulips and dogwood


You’ve probably seen the reeds that form the backdrop for these merry tulips hundreds of times without knowing their Latin name. Marsh grass, aka phragmites. I’ve been thinking about the reeds for a while now, since a landscape-architect friend of mine came to the Cabin and explained that they characteristically grow in “degraded” environments. It hurt a little to know that my beautiful grassy friends have some kind of noxious, invasive taint.

So I was glad to attend a class today that was set up to make art with phragmites and their more distinguished relative, the cattail.



An airy display greeted my eyes upon entering the classroom, at the Teatown Lake Reservation just down the road from the Cabin. Paper and pens and brushes of all different sorts lay ready and waiting.

laying out the brushes


Laurie Seeman and Joanna Dickey were there from Strawtown Art & Garden Studio, ready to explain the differences between and the politics surrounding the different marsh grasses. Yes, there are politics surrounding marsh grasses. The two women are good at teaching about wetlands, that’s what they do at Strawtown for kids and community groups.

While phragmites are used around the world to weave mats and roof thatch, Laurie told me, she didn’t see a use for them in the art studio until she recognized them as “painting partners.” They’d been “demonized,” she said, “by the science people, but as artists we try to look upon them with the most open mind possible.”

laurie in action

What’ s the beef with the phrags? Laurie: “They’re pollution tolerant whereas cattails need cleaner water to thrive.  Certain species need the cattails, and when the phragmites take over there’s no room for them.” Said Joanna, “The phragmites grow closer together and it’s the understory that doesn’t allow the shorter plants to grow.”

The artist-teachers discovered that for their purposes, the phragmites has a hollow stem like a traditional quill pen whereas the cattail has a spongy interior “much like a magic marker,” as Laurie said. Both work for painting.



Some say the phrags  came over from China in ship holds long ago, but have proliferated in the last few decades. Some say they clean metals out of sediments — a good thing, maybe. Don’t get Laurie going about research scientists, conservation scientists, corporate scientists, biological scientists, plant scientists, marine scientists. “It’s old-school thinking that phragmites are all bad,” she said. “They have a relationship with places that have been invaded.”

Today we’re going to appreciate them, stems and plumes alike. Gerard Manley Hopkins says, Long live the weeds, and I say, Long live the phragmites.

phrag brush


We dipped the reeds in ink.



We made our own brushes if we wanted. (I wanted.) We took our time, something Joanna advocated.



Now, cattails are indigenous, and have a plump appeal. They make “comforting places for a bird to sit,” said Joanna.

cattail cu


Their roots are tubers. They’re amazing. Yes, yes, everyone loves a cattail, I know that. It would be un-American not to. But let’s not leave the phrags in the lurch.

People of all ages were pressing them into service today for art.



In the meantime, there are well-meaning authorities who are trying to destroy parts of venerable Piermont Marsh, just across the Hudson River, with what they’re calling an “enhancement project.” I’ve canoed there many times, and know it as a mystical place with its towering grasses. Good bye, 200 plus acres of phragmites, which have been a stable presence there for 2,500 years. The reeds protected the riverbank during Sandy.

But let’s digress for a discussion of ink. In Japan, the soot that accumulates in the eaves from a pine wood fire makes good calligraphy ink, while whale fat smoke is better for imagery. I’ve left politics behind, lost in my painting, shaking loose drops of ink from my phragmite feather like a marsh-y Jackson Pollack. Laurie introduced something she’d brought along, water in a dark bowl, what she called “water as first mirror.” She said that in ancient times dark liquid was the only source for a person’s reflection.

Laurie and Joanna had gathered branches to make frames, and as I was twisting sinew around sticks I noticed someone I knew, Marguerite, coming over to create her own frame. She was positioning four graceful, delicate boughs before even beginning on the painting it will contain.



Doing it her way.

Something some entities simply have to do. Even the phragmites.

jz w painting


Filed under Art, Culture, History, Home, Jean Zimmerman, Nature

7 responses to “Phriends of Phragmites

  1. John

    This is a lovely piece and the artwork is great, too….I am also an artist and have done a phrag painting with Laurie and Joanna. But I don’t think what you’ve written does full justice to the phragmites story or to the environmentalists who are exploring the possibilities of restoration for Piermont Marsh. Marshes (like Iona Marsh) are being restored across the Northeast, and the result is a beautiful, diverse habitat where cattails, rose mallow and other plants can return (and where waterfowl and wading birds can nest or forage). Phragmites australis, an invasive hybrid, can be left in places but must be managed. Interested people may want to check out or the Facebook page of Piermont Marsh Conservancy.

  2. Thanks for reading. Think: the signers of the declaration of independence did it with feathers.

  3. I look at phragmites and think “weed.” Now I will think “tools for art.” Thanks for your report.

  4. Thanks for the cattail tips. I don’t have a ready source of cattails, only phragmites! And I think the main thing to do with them is weave thatch. But I’ll check out the links.

  5. Lori

    Wow, Jean! That painting really speaks to me. Very good job!
    If you have ever wanted to eat cattails – they are delicious – I would recommend you read a book by Samuel Thayer, “The Forager’s Harvest”.
    He tells you how to identify them correctly and when and how to harvest them. His website, has information on cattails and other wild foods.
    If you try the cattail’s inner stem in the raw state you’ll find they taste like cucumbers.
    If you want recipes for how to prepare cattails try this website:
    Have fun! And thanks for the wonderful blog!

  6. Likewise! You have a great summer and good luck with all your endeavors. I’m hanging my painting on my porch in full view of my friends the reeds.

  7. Hi Jean! This is such a beautiful way for the workshop to live on. Wonderful how you captured the art and the messages, in words and in photos. Flowers and phragmites, completely edgy and conversant. “… befriended my inner phragmite”, your first words delight all the way to the end. So glad you found your way to the workshop, and that we met you.

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